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High prices have spread outward from the central area as owners and renters move out of the most expensive part of the city. A quoi ressemblera Kinshasa en 2050 ? The most insightful comments on all subjects will be published daily in dedicated articles. Joseph Kabila, president of the Democratic Republic of the Congo from 2001-2019, was not overly popular in Kinshasa. This growth will likely be powered predominantly by migration, which presents singular urban integration challenges. Kinshasa is home to several media outlets, including radio and television stations, including state-run Radio-Télévision nationale congolaise (RTNC) and privately run Digital Congo and Raga TV. But that’s already happening now. The city has recently[when?] Website by. To complete the subscription process, 57,862,345. Pour cette éd Kinshasa is the home to much of the Congo's intelligentsia, including a political class which developed during the Mobutu era. Please be respectful when making a comment and adhere to our Community Guidelines. Kinshasa 2050. Due to the sheer scale of this comment community, we are not able to give each post the same level of attention, but we have preserved this area in the interests of open debate. The pluridisciplinary artists who present their works are: Vernissage: May 11, 2017, 6:30 pm Many float on barges down the Congo River.[24]. L exposé de M. Paluku portait sur : « Kinshasa 2050, la révolution industrielle : enjeux et défis ». • May tackles new Brexit Rebellion• Philip Hammond and Mark Carney are in China to secure £1 billion of trade deals• Facebook admits that social media can be bad for you. [29], The head of Kinshasa ville-province has the title of Gouverneur. The median household spending was $1,555, 66 cents per person per day. It will be an immense “rurban” rural-urban young city with a major challenge of education. [9] The town, nicknamed "Léo" or "Leopold", became a commercial centre and grew rapidly during the colonial period. According to a projection (2016) the population of metropolitan Kinshasa will increase significantly, to 35 million by 2050, 58 million by 2075 and 83 million by 2100,[25]making it one of the largest metropolitan areas in the world. please click the link in the email we just sent you. Most of the media uses French and Lingala to a large extent; very few use the other national languages. Thus much of the urban structure has developed without guidance from a master plan. This being the height of the Cold War, the U.S. and Belgium did not want to lose control of the strategic wealth of the Congo, in particular its uranium. Want to bookmark your favourite articles and stories to read or reference later? Kinshasa's dry season is slightly cooler than its wet season, though temperatures remain relatively constant throughout the year. There are no rail links from Kinshasa further inland, and road connections to much of the rest of the country are few and in poor condition. People of the same class, however, speak the Congolese languages (Kikongo, Lingala, Tshiluba or Swahili) among themselves. The Congolese military intelligence organization, Détection Militaire des Activités Anti-Patrie (DEMIAP) operates the Ouagadougou prison in Kintambo commune with notorious cruelty. [30] Each commune has its own Bourgmestre. In the meantime, Citilinks proposes to build self-sufficient communities oriented to the circular economy, which can assimilate to Cradle-to-Cradle design. Please continue to respect all commenters and create constructive debates. [57][58], By 2017 the population of Malaka prison was reported at 7,000–8,000. [8] It was named Léopoldville in honour of King Leopold II of the Belgians, who controlled the Congo Free State, the vast territory that is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo, not as a colony but as a private property. The BBC is also available in Kinshasa on 92.6 FM. Street Children in the Democratic Republic of Congo: IV. (Kinshasa), K.-V. (Kasa-Vubu), Ling. [14], The city is estimated to produce 6,300 m3 of trash and 1,300 m3 of industrial waste per day. [11] Violence broke out following the announcement of Kabila's victory in the contested election of 2006; the European Union deployed troops (EUFOR RD Congo) to join the UN force in the city. This is in contrast to African cities further north featuring this climate where the dry season typically begins around December. Less than a year after Lumumba's election, the Belgians and the U.S. bought the support of his Congolese rivals and set in motion the events that culminated in Lumumba's assassination. [16], Urban planning in post-independence Kinshasa has not been extensive. Can you briefly describe some of the urban infrastructure and design in place in Kinshasa right now? [14] The communes are grouped into four districts which are not in themselves administrative divisions. Pluridisciplinaires, l’exposition présente Urban agriculture should be integrated in the planning and not rejected by planning. It is only exploited by the SCTP, formerly ONATRA, according to an agreement signed by the two companies. Ndako ya Biso provides support for street children, including overnight accommodation for girls. [17] A 2004 investigation found 70% of inhabitants employed informally, 17% in the public sector, 9% in the formal private sector, and 3% other, of a total 976,000 workers. Du Jeudi 11 Mai 2017 au Samedi 10 Juin 2017 à la Salle d’exposition de l’Institut Français de Kinshasa, Entrée libre. In the 2010s, street children or "Shegués", often orphaned, are subject to abuse by the police and military. It faces Brazzaville, the capital of the neighbouring Republic of the Congo, which can be seen in the distance across the wide Congo River, making them the world's second-closest pair of capital cities after Rome and Vatican City. (Kalamu), Kin. The Goethe-Institut Kinshasa asks itself these same questions and developed Kinshasa 2050: A Digital City? [3] It is also the world's largest Francophone urban area (surpassing Paris in population), with French being the language of government, schools, newspapers, public services, and high-end commerce in the city, while Lingala is used as a lingua franca in the street. Gentiny Ngobila has been governor since 2019. The human population is growing at an alarming rate. The line connecting the port of Matadi to Kinshasa is 366 km long. Achille Mbembe says that to see the future, the world must look to Africa. By producing local food, managing smartly local waste to produce energy (through biogas for example) and harvesting water through community water management centre, we can start to improve life conditions from inside. (Lingwala), Ng.-Ng. To complete the subscription process, [70], These children have been the object of considerable outside study. What role will artists play in these processes of thinking and creating the future? Is it a utopian future in which the digital revolution helps people to communicate better and more easily? Several international airlines serve Ndjili Airport including Kenya Airways, South African Airways, Ethiopian Airlines, Brussels Airlines, Air France and Turkish Airlines. By 2050, there will be almost 10bn people on the planet. [15], The older and wealthier part of the city (ville basse) is located on a flat area of alluvial sand and clay near the river, while many newer areas are found on the eroding red soil of surrounding hills. Kinshasa lies south of the equator, so its dry season begins around its winter solstice, which is in June. Some scholars predict that, by 2050, the city’s population could skyrocket to 30 million. Après la première édition à Kinshasa au Congo en 2016, l’Institut français de Kinshasa et le Goethe-Institut s’interrogent sur la ville du futur, pour cette année 2017. Many Kinois have a negative view of the city, expressing nostalgia for the rural way of life, and a stronger association with the Congolese nation than with Kinshasa.[44]. The city was colonized as a trading post by Henry Morton Stanley in 1881. In 2007–2008 China and Congo signed an agreement for an $8.5 billion loan for infrastructure development. 2. All Rights Reserved. Their creative projections show what human beings, the city and life in the city could look like in the future. [11][50] The high prices leave incoming refugees with few options for settlement besides illegal shantytowns such as Pakadjuma. Since the Second Congo War, the city has been striving to recover from disorder, with many youth gangs hailing from Kinshasa's slums. Adrien Mombele, a.k.a. All Rights Reserved. www.goethe.de, Sign up to our newsletter now [2][11] Older parts of the city were laid out on a geometric pattern, with de facto racial segregation becoming de jure in 1929 as the European and African neighborhoods grew closer together. [9] Kinshasa suffered greatly from Mobutu's excesses, mass corruption, nepotism and the civil war that led to his downfall. The Global Cities Institute projects that Kinshasa, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, will be the most populous city in the world by 2075 and that by 2100, it will be surpassed by the 88m future residents of Lagos, Nigeria. of State – Congo, Democratic Republic of the Country Specific Information", "Nonstate Policing: Expanding the Scope for Tackling Africa's Urban Violence", Prisons in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Des milliers de détenus s’évadent de la prison de Kinshasa en RD-Congo, Evasion à la prison de Makala en RDC: plus de 4600 détenus seraient en fuite, "Congo's children battle witchcraft accusations", "A night on the streets with Kinshasa's 'child witches, "Danballuff – Children of Congo: From War to Witches(video)", "Africa Feature: Around 20,000 street children wander in Kinshasa", "Prevalence, Abuse & Exploitation of Street Children", "Beaten and discarded, Congo street children are strangers to mining boom", "What Future? Beside its political functions and its informal economy, Kinshasa needs some smart and green urban industrialization using its unique location along the Congo River. Goethe Institut/Institute Francais, Kinshasa, Congo, Democratic Republic Of The11 May 2017 - 10 Jun 2017. [49] The electrical network is in disrepair to the extent that prolonged and periodic blackouts are normal, and exposed lines sometimes electrify pools of rainwater. This is a major demographic bomb that mostly relies on informal economy and self-sustaining farming. For the DRC to better absorb demographic growth, the secondary cities will have to play a key role to limit the pressure on the capital. The official language of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, of which Kinshasa is the capital, is French (See: Kinshasa French vocabulary). [23], According to UN-Habitat, 390,000 people immigrate to Kinshasa annually, fleeing warfare and seeking economic opportunity. Seven Congolese artists present their newest works, seven visions of Kinshasa in 2050. [55], Some sources say that Kinshasa is extremely dangerous, with one source giving a homicide rate of 112 per 100,000 people per year. Luce Beeckmans & Liora Bigon, "The making of the central markets of Dakar and Kinshasa: from colonial origins to the post-colonial period”; Innocent Chirisa, Abraham Rajab Matamanda, & Liaison Mukarwi, "Desired and Achieved Urbanisation in Africa: In Search of Appropriate Tooling for a Sustainable Transformation”; in Umar Benna & Indo Benna, eds., Inge Wagemakers, Oracle Makangu Diki, & Tom De Herdt, ". Several companies operate registered taxis and taxi-buses, identifiable by their yellow colour. The estimates for 2005 fell in a range between 5.3 million and 7.3 million. CONTEMPORARY AND (C&) [39] Chinese entrepreneurs are gaining an increasing share of local marketplaces in Kinshasa, displacing in the process formerly successful Congolese, West African, Indian, and Lebanese merchants. Artists and designers were called upon to grapple with these questions. There are the National Museum and the Kinshasa Fine Arts Academy. Nadine Siegert was there as the curator of the exhibition Kinshasa 2050. Kinshasa 2050. 3.6K likes. Urban renewal projects have led in some cases to violent conflict and displacement. The indigenous people of the area include the Humbu [fr] and Teke. Under the Köppen climate classification, Kinshasa has a tropical wet and dry climate (Aw). Seven Congolese artists present their newest works, seven visions of Kinshasa in 2050. The monthly statistics for passenger traffic are as follows: 2,294 persons in January, 1,836 in February, 2065 in March, 2,660 in April, 1,952 in May and 2,660 in June. It allows our most engaged readers to debate the big issues, share their own experiences, discuss real-world solutions, and more. Kinshasa (/ k ɪ n ˈ ʃ ɑː s ə /; French: ; Lingala: Kinsásá), formerly Léopoldville (Dutch: Leopoldstad), is the capital and the largest city of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.The city is situated alongside the Congo River.. Once a site of fishing and trading villages, Kinshasa is now a megacity with a population of about 16 million. The Boulevard du 30 Juin (Boulevard of 30 June) links the main areas of the central district of the city. Schools and businesses were closed down. Goethe Institut/Institute Francais, Kinshasa, Congo, Democratic Republic Of The 11 May 2017 - 10 Jun 2017. Based on population growth models, the Global Cities Institute at the University of Toronto projects these will be the 10 biggest cities in 2050. In 1966, Léopoldville was renamed Kinshasa, for a village named Kinshasa that once stood near the site, today Kinshasa (commune). The current urban infrastructure, rail and road systems, is inherited from the 1960s and the spatial growth of the city was mostly informal and oriented to the east along the Lumumba Avenue, which is in the axis of the Congo River. [11][14], Regideso, the national public company with primary responsibility for water supply in the Congo, serves Kinshasa only incompletely, and not with uniformly perfect quality. [52] A small number of airlines provide domestic service from Kinshasa, for example Congo Airways and flyCAA. The exhibition "Kinshasa 2050" also showed digital works. Sports, especially football and martial arts are popular in Kinshasa. [6] Kinshasa hosted the 14th Francophonie Summit in October 2012.[7]. In January some 284 tonnes of goods were exported from the ports of Boma and Matadi, via the railway, and 711 tonnes in February, then 1,058 tonnes in March, 684 tonnes in April, 818 tonnes in May and 853 tonnes in June. Its lengthy rainy season spans from October through May, with a relatively short dry season, between June and September. The Matadi–Kinshasa Railway connects Kinshasa with Matadi, Congo's Atlantic port. What will be the biggest challenges Kinshasa faces in the next 25 to 50 years? Trente ans après la publication de l’Atlas de Kinshasa, "Giant dam projects aim to transform African power supplies", Commission Électorale Nationale Indépendante, "La Cartographie Electorale des 26 Provinces—Kinshasa", "KINSHASA, DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO", "Building commons to cope with chaotic urbanization? In 2017, some 2.2 million tonnes of cement were produced by the two new start-up companies, PPC Barnet and Kongo Cement Factory (CIMKO). Nevertheless it has city subdivisions and is divided into 24 communes (municipalities), which in turn are divided into 369 quarters and 21 embedded groupings. Kinshasa is home to several higher-level education institutes, covering a wide range of specialities, from civil engineering to nursing and journalism. One major challenge is that the primary and current city center is located at the northwestern edge, and is still the main economic center of the city. Kinshasa 2050 : Digital city ? Notable features of the city include the Gecamines Commercial Building (formerly SOZACOM) and Hotel Memling skyscrapers; L'ONATRA, the impressive building of the Ministry of Transport; the central market; the Tour de l'Echangeur. [22] Gombe uses water at a high rate (306 liters per day per inhabitant) compared to other communes (from 71 l/d/i in Kintambo down to 2 l/d/i in Kimbanseke). Among the places of worship, which are predominantly Christian churches and temples: Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Kinshasa (Catholic Church), Kimbanguist Church, Baptist Community of Congo (Baptist World Alliance), Baptist Community of the Congo River (Baptist World Alliance), Assemblies of God, Province of the Anglican Church of the Congo (Anglican Communion), Presbyterian Community in Congo (World Communion of Reformed Churches). None of the 10 most populous cities in the world are in Africa and only two (Sao Paulo and Mexico City) are in Latin America. [56] Another source cites a homicide rate of 12.3 per 100,000. This prison houses more than double its nominal capacity of 1,000 inmates. Create a commenting name to join the debate, There are no Independent Premium comments yet - be the first to add your thoughts, There are no comments yet - be the first to add your thoughts. Sebastien Goethals spends a lot of his time thinking about this. In 1914, a pipeline was installed so that crude oil could be transported from Matadi to the upriver steamers in Leopoldville. Hilary Kuyangiko Balu ‚Cybernkisi ou Nganganaut’ Installation, Image courtesy of Goethe Institut Kinshasa. | Photo: Catherine Trautes, Go directly to second-level navigation (Alt 3), Go directly to first-level navigation (Alt 2), Einladung: Deutsch als Fremdsprache weltweit, “Schools: Partners for the Future” initiative, International 2020 Relief Fund for Organisations in Culture and Education, "Kinshasa 2050: A Digital City?" Big manufacturing companies such as Marsavco S.A., All Pack Industries and Angel Cosmetics are located in the centre of town (Gombe) in Kinshasa. to get the latest stories from Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo. Background", Kinshasa: a travers le centre ville, May 2015, Provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, An unrecognised or partially-recognised nation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kinshasa&oldid=980188280, Democratic Republic of the Congo–Republic of the Congo border crossings, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Articles containing Lingala-language text, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from January 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Articles needing additional references from April 2020, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Institut Supérieur d'Architecture et Urbanisme, Institut Supérieur de Publicité et Médias. According to UN-Habitat, the city is expanding by eight square kilometers per year. Most people currently walk everyday to the city center — an average of 19 miles in order to find informal business opportunities. Follow Business Insider UK on Twitter. The quartier Matonge is known regionally for its nightlife. An interdisciplinary festival in the Congo capital invited artists to explore the digital future of Kinshasa. Sept artistes congolais présenteront au travers de sept œuvres inédites, sept visions de Kinshasa en 2050, sept projections de ce que sera l’homme, la ville, la création et la vie dans cette citée. Nadine Siegert was there as the curator of the exhibition Kinshasa 2050.. Achille Mbembe says that to see the future, the world must look to Africa. Congo) entre 1995 et 2005 par télédétection satellitaire à haute résolution, "DemographiaWorld Urban Areas – 13th Annual Edition", "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab", "Kinshasa – national capital, Democratic Republic of the Congo", "Patrice Lumumba: the most important assassination of the 20th century", DR Congo election: 17 dead in anti-Kabila protests, Congo A 'Powder Keg' As Security Forces Crack Down On Whistling Demonstrators, Kinshasa 2005.

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